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Africanis Dog Breed


The Africanis dog breed, also referred to as the Africanis Hound, is a unique and ancient canine originating from Africa. Renowned for their adaptability, intelligence, and versatility, this breed has been an integral part of African communities for centuries, serving as skilled hunters, loyal companions, and trusted protectors.

Africanis Dog breed brown color

With their distinct appearance and rich cultural heritage, Africanis dogs are gaining popularity beyond their native land and are being recognized for their exceptional traits. In this introduction, we will delve into the history, characteristics, and personality of the Africanis dog breed, shedding light on why this breed is cherished by dog enthusiasts worldwide.

Characteristics of The Africanis Dog Breed

CharacteristicsRating out of 5
Health Issues
Affection Level
Apartment Friendly
Barking Tendencies
Shedding Level
Cat Friendly
Social Needs
Stranger Friendly
Dog Friendly
Exercise Needs
Watchdog Ability
Overall Rating

Note: Please keep in mind that these ratings are based on the general tendencies of the breed, and individual dogs may vary. It’s important to research and meet individual dogs before deciding if they are a good fit for your lifestyle and household.

Learning More About Africanis Dogs

HistoryThe Africanis dog breed is a landrace breed that originated in Africa, specifically in the southern regions of the continent. They are believed to have evolved from indigenous African dogs that have been living in the region for thousands of years. Africanis dogs were traditionally used by local African tribes for various purposes such as hunting, herding, guarding, and companionship.
Other NamesBantu dog, Kasi dog, umbwa wa ki-shenzi (“traditional dog” in Kiswahili, the Khoekhoe dog, the Tswana dog and the Zulu dog
Breed Grouplandrace or pariah dog breed 
Coat typeThe coat of Africanis dogs is typically short and dense, which provides protection against the harsh African climate.
Coat ColorAfricanis dogs come in a variety of colors, including shades of fawn, brown, black, brindle, and white. Coat color can vary widely within the breed.
SizeAfricanis dogs are medium-sized dogs, with males typically weighing between 40-60 pounds and females weighing between 35-50 pounds. The average height for males is around 20-25 inches and for females is around 18-23 inches.
Protective natureThey are known for their protective nature. They have a strong instinct to guard their families and territory, making them good watchdogs.
AffectionateThey are generally affectionate towards their families and enjoy spending time with their human companions.
PlayfulAfricanis dogs are known to be playful and enjoy physical activities such as running, playing fetch, and exploring their surroundings.
AdaptabilityThey are adaptable to different environments and climates, as they have evolved to survive in harsh African conditions. They are known to be resilient and able to thrive in various settings.
AppearanceThey have a lean and athletic build, with a well-proportioned body. They have a wedge-shaped head, pricked ears, and a high-set tail that is usually carried curled over the back.
TemperamentThese dogs are typically described as intelligent, independent, and alert. They are known to be good problem solvers and have a strong prey drive.
Energy levelThey are generally energetic and active. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.
TrainabilityThey are known to be intelligent, but they can also be independent and stubborn at times, which may affect their trainability. Consistent and patient training methods are recommended for this breed.
GroomingThese dogs have short coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing to remove loose hair and occasional baths are usually sufficient to keep their coat clean and healthy.
LifespanThe lifespan of Africanis dogs is estimated to be around 10-12 years, although some individuals may live longer with proper care and nutrition.
IntelligenceAfricanis dogs are generally considered to be intelligent, although their intelligence may be more focused on problem-solving and survival instincts rather than obedience.
VocalAfricanis dogs are not known to be excessive barkers, but like any dog, they may bark to alert their owners to potential threats or changes in their environment.
SocializationAfricanis dogs require proper socialization from an early age to ensure they develop into well-adjusted and well-behaved adults. Early and consistent socialization with other dogs, animals, and humans is important for their overall temperament and behavior.
IndependentAfricanis dogs are known to be independent and may have a strong sense of autonomy. They may not always rely on their owners for direction and may prefer to make their own decisions.
SensitivityAfricanis dogs are generally sensitive to their environment and can be attuned to changes in their surroundings. They may be responsive to their owner’s emotions and may require gentle handling and training methods.
StubbornnessThese dogs can exhibit stubbornness at times, which may affect their trainability. Patient and consistent training methods, along with positive reinforcement, are recommended for this breed.
Good with childrenAfricanis dogs are known to be good with children when properly socialized and raised with them. They can be gentle and patient with kids, but supervision is always necessary when dogs interact with children to ensure safe interactions.
Activity levelAfricanis dogs are typically active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy physical activities such as running, playing, and exploring their surroundings.
Adaptability to weatherAfricanis dogs have evolved to adapt to the harsh African climate and can generally tolerate warmer temperatures. However, like any dog, they may still require proper shelter, water, and care in extreme weather conditions.
Health Africanis dogs are generally considered to be a healthy breed with no known breed-specific health issues. However, as with any dog, they may be prone to common dog health issues such as hip dysplasia, dental issues, and allergies. Regular veterinary care, proper nutrition, and exercise are important for their overall health and well-being.
Recommended Health TestsDue to the lack of recognized breed standards for Africanis dogs, there are no specific recommended health tests. However, general health screenings such as hip evaluations, eye examinations, and dental check-ups are recommended.
SheddingAfricanis dogs have a short coat that sheds moderately. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage their shedding.
Adaptability to apartment livingAfricanis dogs are typically not well-suited for apartment living as they have a moderate to high activity level and require ample space to exercise and explore.
Dental issuesLike any dog, Africanis dogs may be prone to dental issues such as dental decay, gum disease, and tartar build-up. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and providing dental chews or toys, is important for their oral health.
Strong prey driveAfricanis dogs have a strong prey drive due to their history as hunting dogs. They may have a high instinct to chase and hunt small animals, and proper training and supervision may be required to manage this behavior.
Similar DogsAfricanis dogs are a unique landrace breed, and there are no recognized similar breeds.
Club RecognitionAfricanis dogs are not recognized by major kennel clubs as they are considered a landrace breed.
Litter size The litter size of Africanis dogs can vary but typically ranges from 3-8 puppies per litter.
What to FeedAfricanis dogs, like any dog, should be fed a balanced and nutritious diet that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Consultation with a veterinarian or a qualified canine nutritionist is recommended to determine the best diet for an individual Africanis dog.

Some Interesting Facts About Africanis

  1. Africanis dogs are generally healthy with no specific genetic concerns or health issues.
  2. Myth: Africanis dogs are aggressive.
    Clarification: These dogs are known for their friendly and social nature.
  3. Africanis dogs may struggle with being left alone for extended periods and may display separation anxiety.
  4. Africanis dogs have evolved to adapt to diverse climates and environmental conditions in Africa, making them resilient and versatile.
  5. Socialization is crucial for Africanis dogs to develop good behavior and adaptability to various situations and environments.
  6. Africanis dogs communicate through body language, vocalizations, and expressions to convey their emotions, needs, and desires.

So, Should You Get an Africanis?

The Africanis dog breed is truly remarkable and holds a special place in African history and culture. It is known for its adaptability, intelligence, and resilience, making it a beloved companion and working dog in various parts of Africa and beyond. The Africanis is recognized and admired by dog enthusiasts worldwide for its unique appearance, loyalty, agility, and hunting instincts. Its rich history and cultural significance make it a truly special and treasured breed.