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Affenpinscher Dog Breed


The Affenpinscher, also known as the “monkey dog,” is a small but spunky breed that originated in Germany. With their distinct appearance and lively personalities, Affenpinschers have become a popular choice for pet owners around the world.

Affenpinscher Dog

Let’s take a closer look at the history, characteristics, and temperament of the Affenpinscher breed, as well as tips for caring for and training these beloved pets. Whether you are considering adding an Affenpinscher to your family or simply want to learn more about this unique breed, read on to discover all there is to know about the Affenpinscher dog breed.

Characteristics of The Affenpinscher Breed

CharacteristicsRating out of 5
Health Issues
Affection Level
Apartment Friendly
Barking Tendencies
Shedding Level
Cat Friendly
Social Needs
Stranger Friendly
Dog Friendly
Exercise Needs
Watchdog Ability
Overall Rating

Note: The above ratings are based on the experience and expertise of our team with the Affenpinscher dog breed. These ratings may not be applicable to all individual dogs, as each dog can have its unique personality and characteristics.

Learning More About Affenpinscher Dogs

HistoryAffenpinschers are an old breed, dating back to the 17th century in Germany. They were originally used as rat hunters and have since become popular companion dogs.
Other NamesMonkey Dog, Affen
Breed GroupToy
Coat typeDense, Harsh Coat or you can say “neat but shaggy”
Coat ColorBlack, Gray, Silver, Black and Tan, Red
SizeAffenpinschers are small dogs, typically weighing between 7 and 10 pounds and standing 9 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder.
Protective natureAffenpinschers are known for their protective nature and will bark to alert their owners of any perceived threats.
AffectionateAffenpinschers are affectionate dogs that love to be close to their owners. They often bond closely with one person in the family but are still friendly with others.
PlayfulAffenpinschers are small dogs with a shaggy, wiry coat that comes in black, gray, silver, or black and tan. They have a monkey-like expression with a prominent brow, short muzzle, and round, dark eyes.
AdaptabilityAffenpinschers are adaptable dogs that can do well in a variety of living situations, including apartments and houses with yards.
AppearanceAffenpinschers are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and playtime. They are well-suited for apartment living but still need regular opportunities to burn off their energy.
TemperamentAffenpinschers are known for their spunky, lively personalities. They are loyal and affectionate with their owners, but can also be stubborn and independent. They have a strong prey drive and may chase small animals.
Energy levelAffenpinschers are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and playtime. They are well-suited for apartment living, but still need regular opportunities to burn off their energy.
TrainabilityAffenpinschers can be a bit difficult to train due to their independent nature. Positive reinforcement training techniques work best, and consistency is key.
GroomingAffenpinschers have a wiry coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. They also require regular trimming of their facial hair to prevent irritation and infection around the eyes and mouth.
LifespanAffenpinschers have a lifespan of around 12-14 years.
IntelligenceAffenpinschers are intelligent dogs that can quickly learn new commands and tricks. They also have a mischievous streak and enjoy using their intelligence to get into mischief.
VocalAffenpinschers are known for their distinctive bark, which is sharp and loud. They will bark to alert their owners to any perceived threats or to get attention.
SocializationAffenpinschers benefit from early socialization to develop good manners and may be wary of strangers if not socialized.
IndependentAffenpinschers have a strong independent streak but still enjoy spending time with their owners and can be quite loyal.
SensitivityAffenpinschers can be sensitive to unfamiliar situations and certain foods or environmental factors.
StubbornnessAffenpinschers can be stubborn and may require extra patience and persistence during training.
Good with childrenAffenpinschers can be good with children if socialized properly and supervised during play.
Activity levelAffenpinschers have a moderate activity level and require daily exercise.
Adaptability to weatherAffenpinschers can adapt to a variety of weather conditions but are best suited for moderate climates. They may need extra protection in extreme cold or heat.
Health Affenpinschers are typically healthy dogs, and ethical breeders will check their breeding stock for potential health issues like heart anomalies, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, and vision problems. However, similar to other breeds with shorter muzzles, Affenpinschers may have trouble breathing in hot weather if they become overheated and can’t pant efficiently to cool down because dogs don’t sweat like humans.
Recommended Health TestsPatella Evaluation, Ophthalmologist Evaluation
SheddingAffenpinschers have a low-shedding coat, which makes them a good choice for people with allergies. However, their coat still requires regular grooming to maintain their health and appearance.
Adaptability to apartment livingAffenpinschers are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and playtime. They are well-suited for apartment living, but still, need regular opportunities to burn off their energy.
Prone to dental issuesAffenpinschers are prone to dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental care, including brushing and professional cleanings, is important to maintain oral health.
Strong prey driveAffenpinschers have a strong prey drive and may chase small animals such as squirrels or birds. They should be supervised when off-leash and properly trained for recall.
Similar DogsBrussels Griffon, Pug, Schnauzer, Yorkshire Terrier.
Club RecognitionAKC, UKC, CKC, FCI, NKC, NZKC
Litter size 1-3 puppies
What to FeedThe recommended daily amount is 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals

Some Interesting Facts About Affenpinschers

  1. The Affenpinscher is considered a rare breed and is not as commonly seen as some other small breeds.
  2. Affenpinschers have been known to compete in dog shows and have even won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  3. Affenpinschers are good with children and make loyal and affectionate companions.
  4. They have a tendency to become overweight, so their diet should be carefully monitored and they should get plenty of exercise.
  5. They are not hypoallergenic and may shed moderately, so they may not be the best choice for people with allergies.
  6. Affenpinschers have a history of being used as circus dogs due to their entertaining and playful personalities.
  7. They may be prone to tooth decay, so regular dental checkups and care are important.
  8. Affenpinschers are a low-shedding breed, which may make them a good option for people with mild allergies.
  9. Like many small dog breeds, Affenpinschers can be prone to developing a Napoleon complex and may exhibit stubborn or bossy behavior.
  10. They are generally good with other dogs and pets if they are socialized properly from a young age.

So, Should You Get an Affenpinscher?

The Affenpinscher is a small yet mighty dog breed with a lot of personalities. They are loyal, and intelligent, and make great companions for those who are willing to invest time and effort into training and socializing them. 

Their unique appearance, with their shaggy coat and monkey-like face, makes them stand out in a crowd. However, potential owners should be aware that Affenpinschers can be stubborn and require patience and consistency when it comes to training. 

Overall, the Affenpinscher is a wonderful breed for those who are looking for a small dog with a big personality. If you want to look at more options then go through our post about different dog breeds.